Schlumberger Unveils First-Quarter Results

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Schlumberger, the world’s leading provider of technology for reservoir characterisation, drilling, production, and processing to the oil and gas industry, has made public their results for the first quarter of 2019.

With product sales and services in more than 120 countries including Nigeria, and employing around 100,000 people who represent over 140 nationalities, Schlumberger rates herself as supplying the industry’s most comprehensive range of products and services, from exploration through production, and integrated pore-to-pipeline solutions that optimise hydrocarbon recovery to deliver reservoir performance.

Schlumberger Limited has executive offices in Paris, Houston, London, and The Hague, and reported revenues of $32.82 billion in 2018.

 

(Stated in millions, except per share amounts)

Three Months Ended

Change

Mar. 31, 2019

Dec. 31, 2018

Mar. 31, 2018

Sequential

Year-on-year

Revenue

$7,879

$8,180

$7,829

-4%

1%

Pretax operating income

$908

$967

$974

-6%

-7%

Pretax operating margin

11.5%

11.8%

12.4%

-30 bps

-91 bps

Net income – GAAP basis

$421

$538

$525

-22%

-20%

Net income, excluding charges & credits*

$421

$498

$525

-15%

-20%

Diluted EPS – GAAP basis

$0.30

$0.39

$0.38

-23%

-21%

Diluted EPS, excluding charges & credits*

$0.30

$0.36

$0.38

-17%

-21%

North America revenue

$2,738

$2,820

$2,835

-3%

-3%

International revenue

$5,037

$5,283

$4,883

-5%

3%

North America revenue, excluding Cameron

$2,178

$2,265

$2,285

-4%

-5%

International revenue, excluding Cameron

$4,469

$4,581

$4,147

-2%

8%

*These are non-GAAP financial measures. See section below entitled “Charges & Credits” for details.

Schlumberger Chairman and CEO Paal Kibsgaard, in his comment said, ‘’first-quarter revenue of $7.9 billion declined 4% sequentially, reflecting the expected reduction in North America land activity and seasonally lower international activity in the Northern Hemisphere. In addition, reduced software, product, and multiclient seismic license sales following the fourth-quarter increase and lower Cameron long-cycle project deliveries contributed to the sequential decline. Improved sequential activity in Latin America marginally offset these declines.

‘’Looking beyond the headline numbers for the quarter, our international business results were strong, with Reservoir Characterization, Drilling, and Production combining to deliver year-on-year revenue growth of 8%, tracking our expectation of high single-digit growth in the international markets in 2019.

‘’In North America, first-quarter revenue was 3% lower sequentially as expected, driven by softer pricing and lower activity for both our hydraulic fracturing- and drilling-related businesses, while revenue from our artificial lift product line was flat sequentially. Offshore revenue in North America was slightly down sequentially with increased wireline activity in the US Gulf of Mexico offset by lower multiclient seismic license sales. Cameron revenue in North America was marginally up sequentially.

‘’By business segment, first-quarter revenue for Reservoir Characterisation fell 7% sequentially due to seasonally lower sales of software and multiclient seismic licenses. Drilling revenue declined 3% sequentially due to reduced winter activity in the Northern Hemisphere, but increased 12% year-on-year on strong growth from Integrated Drilling Services (IDS) projects in several GeoMarkets.

‘’Production revenue was 2% lower sequentially, driven by decreased OneStim® revenue in North America and reduced artificial lift sales in the international markets. Cameron revenue declined 7% sequentially, mostly due to lower project deliveries from the long-cycle businesses of OneSubsea® and Drilling Systems following strong year-end sales of the previous quarter.

‘’From a macro perspective, we expect the oil market sentiments to steadily improve over the course of 2019, supported by a solid demand outlook combined with the OPEC and Russia production cuts taking full effect, slowing shale oil production growth in North America, and a further weakening of the international production base as the impact of four years of underinvestment becomes increasingly evident.

‘’We also continue to see clear signs that E&P investments are starting to normalize as the industry heads toward a more sustainable financial stewardship of the global resource base. Directionally, this means that higher investments in the international markets are required simply to keep production flat, while North America land is set for lower investments with a likely downward adjustment to the current production growth outlook.

‘’Our view of the international markets is consistent with recent third-party spending surveys, suggesting that E&P investments will increase by 7 to 8% in 2019, supported by a higher rig count and a rise in the number of customer project FIDs. In line with this, offshore development activity plans continue to strengthen, with subsea tree awards reaching their highest level since 2013 last year. We are also seeing the start of a return to exploration activity on renewed interest in reserves replacement. Notably, new discoveries in 2018 were at the lowest level since 2000.

‘’Conversely in North America land, the higher cost of capital, lower borrowing capacity, and investors looking for increased returns suggest that future E&P investment levels will likely be dictated by free cash flow. We therefore see E&P investments in North America land down 10% in 2019. In addition, rising technical challenges—from parent-child well interference, step-outs from core acreage, and limited growth in lateral length and proppant per stage—all point to more moderate growth in US shale oil production in the coming years.

‘’The normalisation of global E&P spending, with increased international market investments and a reduction in North America land capex, represents a positive market shift for Schlumberger and the welcome return of a very familiar opportunity set, given our unmatched global strength. We have further extended our global leadership position with the efforts and investments we have made in recent years of modernizing our execution platform, expanding our technology offering, driving digital and technology-system innovation, evolving our business models, and strengthening our global footprint.

‘’In addition, after enduring four years of major pricing concessions in support of our international customers, we see the recovery of international service and product pricing and improving our own financial returns as a major business priority—firmly supported by increasing activity levels, little to no spare equipment capacity, and prudent deployment of new capital. Furthermore, the foundation for our 2019 business plan is a clear commitment to generate sufficient cash flow to cover our business needs without increasing net debt.’’

Other Events

During the quarter, Schlumberger repurchased 2.3 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $42.79 per share, for a total purchase price of $98 million.

On February 19, 2019, Schlumberger and Rockwell Automation announced they had entered into an agreement to create a new joint venture, Sensia, the first fully integrated digital oilfield automation solutions provider. Sensia will operate as an independent entity, with Rockwell Automation owning 53% and Schlumberger owning 47% of the joint venture. Rockwell Automation will make a $250 million payment to Schlumberger at closing. The transaction is expected to close in the summer of 2019, subject to regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions.

On April 17, 2019, Schlumberger’s Board of Directors approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.50 per share of outstanding common stock, payable on July 12, 2019 to stockholders of record on June 5, 2019.

Consolidated Revenue by Area

(Stated in millions)

Three Months Ended

Change

Mar. 31, 2019

Dec. 31, 2018

Mar. 31, 2018

Sequential

Year-on-year

North America

$2,738

$2,820

$2,835

-3%

-3%

Latin America

992

978

870

1%

14%

Europe/CIS/Africa

1,707

1,842

1,713

-7%

Middle East & Asia

2,338

2,464

2,300

-5%

2%

Other

104

76

111

n/m

n/m

$7,879

$8,180

$7,829

-4%

1%

North America revenue

$2,738

$2,820

$2,835

-3%

-3%

International revenue

$5,037

$5,283

$4,883

-5%

3%

North America revenue, excluding Cameron

$2,178

$2,265

$2,285

-4%

-5%

International revenue, excluding Cameron

$4,469

$4,581

$4,147

-2%

8%

  n/m = not meaningful

First-quarter revenue of $7.9 billion decreased 4% sequentially, as North America revenue of $2.7 billion declined 3%, while international revenue of $5.0 billion decreased 5% primarily due to seasonality.

North America

North America area consolidated revenue of $2.7 billion was 3% lower sequentially due to lower pricing and activity for both our hydraulic fracturing- and drilling-related businesses, while revenue from our artificial lift product line was flat sequentially. Although the volume of pressure pumping activity increased due to the seasonal winter activity ramp-up in Canada, well completion activity was impacted by softer pricing. Offshore revenue in North America was slightly down sequentially with increased wireline activity in the US Gulf of Mexico offset by lower multiclient seismic license sales. Cameron revenue in North America was marginally up sequentially.

International

Consolidated revenue in the Latin America area of $1.0 billion increased 1% sequentially from double-digit revenue growth in the Mexico & Central America GeoMarket due to high offshore exploration-led activity for the IOCs, increased IDS work, and higher multiclient seismic license sales. In the Latin America North GeoMarket, mainly in Ecuador, revenue increased from higher Schlumberger Production Management (SPM) activity and increased production. In the Latin America South GeoMarket, revenue increased slightly due to increased hydraulic fracturing activity for unconventional resources in Argentina and additional production from an SPM project. The increase in area revenue was partially offset by lower Cameron activity in Brazil.

Europe/CIS/Africa area consolidated revenue of $1.7 billion decreased 7% sequentially primarily due to the winter activity reduction in the Russia & Central Asia GeoMarket that impacted all product lines. Activity was also lower in the UK & Continental Europe and the Norway & Denmark GeoMarkets, exacerbated by weather and maintenance-related delays. Revenue in the Sub-Sahara Africa GeoMarket fell slightly sequentially due to reduced product sales in Mozambique and Angola and limited, but growing, exploration activity. Software Integrated Solutions (SIS) software sales were lower across the area, while Cameron revenue also declined, mainly in Europe.

Consolidated revenue in the Middle East & Asia area of $2.3 billion decreased 5% sequentially, primarily from lower revenue in the Eastern Middle East GeoMarket due to lower IDS project activity in Iraq and reduced hydraulic fracturing activity in Oman. Revenue in the Northern Middle East GeoMarket was lower due to decreased product and SIS software sales in Egypt and Kuwait but was partially offset by higher services activity in Qatar. Lump-sum turnkey (LSTK) project revenue in Saudi Arabia continued to grow but was offset by weather-related delays to land seismic operations. Revenue in the Far East Asia & Australia GeoMarket decreased due to winter weather in China and the slowing of activity in Australia during the cyclone season. Cameron revenue in the area was lower primarily due to decreased activity in the Eastern Middle East and Northern Middle East GeoMarkets. The decrease in area revenue was partially offset by higher IDS project activity in India.

Reservoir Characterization

(Stated in millions)

Three Months Ended

Change

Mar. 31, 2019

Dec. 31, 2018

Mar. 31, 2018

Sequential

Year-on-year

Revenue

$1,543

$1,651

$1,559

-7%

-1%

Pretax operating income

$293

$364

$306

-20%

-4%

Pretax operating margin

19.0%

22.0%

19.7%

-308 bps

-69 bps

Reservoir Characterisation revenue of $1.5 billion, of which 81% came from the international markets, decreased 7% sequentially. This was driven by the effects of the seasonal decline in Wireline activity in Russia and reduced multiclient seismic license sales in the US Gulf of Mexico. Lower SIS software sales, mainly in the Europe/CIS/Africa and the Middle East & Asia areas, also contributed to the revenue decline. Testing Services and OneSurface® revenues were essentially flat compared with the previous quarter.

Reservoir Characterisation pretax operating margin of 19% was 308 bps lower sequentially due to seasonally lower revenue from Wireline activity in the Russia & Central Asia GeoMarket and decreased overall sales of SIS software and WesternGeco®multiclient seismic licenses.

In the first quarter, Reservoir Characterisation performance was supported by multiple contract awards and the application of technology and domain expertise to improve operational performance.

Apache Egypt awarded Schlumberger a two-year contract with an optional two-year extension for the provision of formation evaluation services in 11 exploration wells in Western Egypt. The technologies to be deployed include the MDT modular formation dynamics tester, Litho Scanner* high-definition spectroscopy service, and FMI-HD* high-definition formation microimager.

In Indonesia, Integrated Services Management (ISM) delivered the first three wells of a 15-well campaign ahead of schedule and under budget. Close collaboration with the customer enabled ISM to deploy technologies from multiple product lines, which improved operational efficiency and helped the customer drill an average of 70 m per day.

In Mexico, PEMEX awarded WesternGeco a 14,000-km2 processing and reimaging project that requires integration of more than 20 datasets acquired in the Campeche Basin in the southern Gulf of Mexico over a 20-year period. The surveys were conducted by several companies, including WesternGeco, and applied various technologies such as wide-azimuth, narrow-azimuth, and ocean-bottom cable.

The project will create an integrated earth model to help PEMEX focus on deep targets and provide a greater understanding of the complex subsalt reservoirs in the prolific Campeche Basin. The award follows recent multiclient wide-azimuth and proprietary Q-Seabed multicomponent seabed seismic system surveys that WesternGeco executed for PEMEX.

In Mexico, Schlumberger and Shell signed an agreement to license a large WesternGeco dataset from the Campeche and Perdido areas. The agreement includes acquisition of new multiclient surveys in these areas using third-party vessels, as well as licensing existing data. To meet Shell’s timeline for its plans in offshore Mexico, WesternGeco will also perform advanced high-resolution reimaging on subsets of data in parallel with data processing to aid Shell in optimizing drilling locations. In 2018, Shell won 9 of the 19 offshore Gulf of Mexico oil and gas blocks awarded in Mexico’s bid round 2.4. Through this collaboration with WesternGeco, Shell says it is reinforcing its commitment to bring technology and rapid progress to its Mexico exploration program.

Since the launch of the DELFI cognitive E&P environment at the SIS Global Forum in 2017, Woodside has worked closely with Schlumberger to implement its digital strategy across all E&P workflows. A memorandum of understanding (MOU) was signed in January with Schlumberger, as Woodside’s partner of choice, for early access to new digital technology solutions, helping Woodside to lead the industry in cloud-enabled digital technology deployment and R&D innovation across all domains.

OMV and Schlumberger signed an MOU to evaluate potential collaboration models for digital solutions. The strategic partnership will help OMV accelerate the deployment of its digital transformation by leveraging Schlumberger digital technology that is currently available as well as digital technology that is still in development.

MODEC Offshore Production Systems (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. awarded Schlumberger two contracts for the supply of oil separation and treatment equipment and CO2 gas processing equipment for floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) vessels offshore Brazil. These contracts include the provision of the OneSurface CONSEPT ICD separator inlet cyclone device, electrostatic oil dehydrators and desalters, and CYNARA acid gas removal membrane systems.

Drilling

(Stated in millions)

Three Months Ended

Change

Mar. 31, 2019

Dec. 31, 2018

Mar. 31, 2018

Sequential

Year-on-year

Revenue

$2,387

$2,461

$2,126

-3%

12%

Pretax operating income

$307

$318

$293

-3%

5%

Pretax operating margin

12.9%

12.9%

13.8%

-6 bps

-90 bps

Drilling revenue of $2.4 billion, of which 74% came from the international markets, decreased 3% sequentially. This was driven by seasonally lower international drilling activity, mainly in the Northern Hemisphere, that primarily impacted M-I SWACO and Bits & Drilling Tools. Land Rigs revenue declined as projects were completed in Iraq and Australia. Directional drilling revenue in North America land was also lower as the rig count fell 7% sequentially. These declines were partially offset by higher revenue from IDS contracts in Mexico, Saudi Arabia, and India.

Drilling pretax operating margin of 13% was essentially flat sequentially despite the drop in revenue.

Drilling performance benefitted from IDS contract awards and the deployment of drilling technologies to reduce operating costs and improve performance.

In the Norwegian sector of the North Sea, IDS used a combination of technologies in three wells to help Equinor increase the average meters drilled per day by 29% compared with similar offset wells, reducing operational cost by $4.9 million per well. These challenging wells typically require multiple runs to replace drilling tools compromised by severe shock and vibration.

Close collaboration with the customer and the drilling contractor enabled the savings through more robust well design, reduced flat time, and more efficient drilling tools and services. Schlumberger technologies, including the PowerDrive Xceed ruggedized rotary steerable system and GeoSphere reservoir mapping-while-drilling service, played an important role in achieving the time savings of 6.7 days per well.

MOL Norge AS awarded Schlumberger an IDS contract for two exploration wells with an optional two-well extension in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. Operations are expected to begin in the first half of 2019 and include the deployment of the DigiScope slimhole measurements-while-drilling service, Quanta Geo photorealistic reservoir geology service, and Saturn 3D radial probe.

In Iraq, Basra Oil Company awarded Schlumberger a two-year IDS contract with an optional one-year extension to drill 40 wells in the Majnoon Field. Operations are expected to begin in the second half of 2019.

Borr Drilling and OPEX Perforadora S.A. de C.V. have been awarded a contract for nine offshore development wells in the Mexico sector of the Gulf of Mexico. Schlumberger has been selected to provide integrated drilling services and deliver end-to-end well solutions on the newbuild jackups, Grid and Gersemi. The two-year contract is expected to start mid-2019.

In Libya, Drilling & Measurements used GeoSphere reservoir mapping-while-drilling service for Arabian Gulf Oil Company to drill a sidetrack from a nonproducing well. The GeoSphere service enabled real-time adjustments to the well trajectory to avoid the oil/water contact zone, which led to production of 3,000 bbl/d.

In Kuwait, Bits & Drilling Tools used Direct XCD drillable alloy casing bit technology to help Kuwait Oil Company improve drilling performance in a challenging well section. The formation comprises collapsing shale and fractured limestone that often lead to loss of the bottomhole assembly and multiple cement plugs to control drilling fluid losses. Direct XCD bit technology was able to drill through the section in a single run, reducing drilling time from 49 to 12 days by eliminating additional trips and cement plugs.

In the Permian Basin, Drilling & Measurements used the PowerDrive Orbit* rotary steerable system for Diamondback Energy, Inc. to increase drilling efficiency. In one well, the rate of penetration (ROP) increased by 42% compared with an offset well drilled from the same pad with conventional tools. The customer established a new lateral length record of 13,319 ft—which was the most cost-efficient well drilled to date—and similar performance was delivered in the next two wells on the pad.

In Oklahoma, Apache Corporation used EnduroBlade 360* rolling diamond element bit in the SCOOP Play. The rolling diamond elements helped reduce drilling time in interbedded sections of sandstone, limestone, and shale that cause severe drillbit wear, reducing the ROP. The EnduroBlade 360 bit helped Apache reduce drilling time in the well by 66 hours compared with the fastest offset well drilled from the same pad.

Production

(Stated in millions)

Three Months Ended

Change

Mar. 31, 2019

Dec. 31, 2018

Mar. 31, 2018

Sequential

Year-on-year

Revenue

$2,890

$2,936

$2,956

-2%

-2%

Pretax operating income

$217

$198

$217

10%

Pretax operating margin

7.5%

6.8%

7.3%

76 bps

18 bps

Production revenue of $2.9 billion, of which 52% came from the international markets, declined 2% sequentially due to lower revenue from the OneStim business in North America land and lower Artificial Lift Solutions revenue internationally, mainly in Russia, Ecuador, and India. Although the volume of pressure pumping activity increased due to the seasonal winter activity ramp-up in Canada, revenue was impacted by softer pricing. These declines were partially offset by increased SPM activity in Canada, Ecuador, and Argentina—boosted by higher production.

Production pretax operating margin of 8% was essentially flat sequentially despite the drop in revenue.

Production performance was strengthened by increasing deployment of innovative fracturing-related technologies in North America and its take-up by operators in several international basins.

In North America, OneStim continued to deploy several new technologies to increase operational efficiency and stimulation effectiveness in hydraulic fracturing operations.

  • At the surface, the automated stimulation delivery platform includes a new automated pump control system, which has already been deployed for more than 30 customers across all basins in North America land. In addition, the new MonoFlex* dual-connection fracturing fluid delivery technology significantly reduces rig-up and rig-down time by 90% and limits HSE risks with only two connections—a reduction compared to the 12 to 30 connections required for conventional systems.
  • Downhole, innovative stimulation technologies have improved effectiveness and production for operators, especially in the context of parent-child wells. The downhole suite of Kinetix Shale* reservoir-centric stimulation-to-production software, BroadBand Shield* fracture-geometry control service, and WellWatcher Stim* stimulation monitoring service have enabled operators to avoid parent-child well interference using an engineered far-field diversion workflow in combination with other technologies.
  • To maximize stimulation effectiveness in cemented horizontal wells, OneStim has introduced Fulcrum* cement-conveyed frac performance technology. The technology is designed to improve fracturing performance in wells where the casing is poorly centralized or well conditions limit mud removal techniques. Fulcrum technology has seen rapid adoption, enabling operators to increase liquids production up to 41%. In the first quarter of 2019, Fulcrum technology was used in the completion of 85 horizontal wells across the Permian, South Texas, Midcontinent, and North East regions.

In Oklahoma, OneStim used FracXion* fully composite frac plug and ReacXion* dissolvable frac plug technology in an extended-reach lateral to help a customer reduce operating costs in the SCOOP Play. Using FracXion and ReacXion plugs in the last 1,524 m of this 3,048-m well rather than conventional plugs for the entire well eliminated the cost associated with mechanical intervention operations.

In Serbia, Well Services used Broadband Shield fracture-geometry control service for NIS-Gazprom Neft Serbia. Three fracturing treatments were executed with the BroadBand Shield service, specifically designed to contain the fracture in the producing zone and prevent breakthrough to the water zone below. As a result of the use of BroadBand Shield service diversion pills, fracture geometries were successfully contained in the target zones, resulting in a multifold oil production increase without increasing the water cut.

Cameron

(Stated in millions)

Three Months Ended

Change

Mar. 31, 2019

Dec. 31, 2018

Mar. 31, 2018

Sequential

Year-on-year

Revenue

$1,174

$1,265

$1,310

-7%

-10%

Pretax operating income

$137

$127

$166

8%

-18%

Pretax operating margin

11.6%

10.0%

12.7%

161 bps

-102 bps

Cameron revenue of $1.2 billion, of which 48% came from international markets, fell 7% sequentially due to lower project deliveries from the long-cycle businesses of OneSubsea and Drilling Systems following the high year-end sales of the previous quarter, primarily in the international areas. Cameron revenue in North America, however, was marginally up sequentially. OneSubsea revenue was lower in the Sub-Sahara Africa, North Middle East, North Africa, and Russia & Central Asia GeoMarkets. Drilling Systems declined following higher delivery of products and services offshore North America in the previous quarter. Surface Systems revenue declined from lower activity in Australia, India, and Asia while Valves & Measurement revenue was higher sequentially due to increased demand from distributors in North America.

Cameron pretax operating margin of 12% was 161 bps higher sequentially despite the revenue decline due to improved profitability in OneSubsea and Drilling Systems, and higher sales volumes and improved pricing in Valves & Measurement.

In the first quarter, Cameron won several contracts for integrated subsea production systems, subsea environmental monitoring, and the provision of valves and BOP stacks and controls.

Woodside awarded OneSubsea a two-year contract to deliver an integrated gas production system for the Julimar Development Phase 2 offshore Australia. OneSubsea Capital-Efficient Solutions reduce project cycle time and overall cost and are now an integral part of all customer projects.

In addition, Woodside awarded two contracts for front-end engineering and design (FEED) activities to the Subsea Integration Alliance. One contract is to undertake engineering studies for the subsea umbilical risers and flowlines (SURF) related to the development of the Scarborough resource offshore Australia. The other FEED contract is for a stand-alone FPSO facility for the SNE Field Development Phase 1 offshore Senegal, with first oil expected in 2022.

Valves & Measurement received an award for the provision of GROVE* valves to be used in pipeline infrastructure in the Permian Basin. Valves deployed in the Permian are supported by the new Cameron V&M service facility in Midland, Texas, which repairs, refurbishes, and tests valves on site as well as inline troubleshooting and remediation services in the field.

Seadrill awarded Drilling Systems a contract for the upgrade of primary and secondary BOP stacks and controls on the West Mira offshore drilling rig. These upgrades will prepare the stacks for use in the North Sea, and the work is expected to begin in the third quarter of 2019.

Supplemental Information

1) What is the capex guidance for the full year 2019?
Capex (excluding multiclient and SPM investments) for the full year 2019 is still expected to be approximately $1.5 to $1.7 billion, compared to $2.2 billion that was spent in 2018.

2) What were the cash flow from operations and free cash flow for the first quarter of 2019?
Cash flow from operations for the first quarter of 2019 was $326 million. Free cash flow for the first quarter of 2019 was negative $283 million.

3) What was included in “Interest and other income” for the first quarter of 2019?
“Interest and other income” for the first quarter of 2019 was $14 million. This amount consisted of earnings of equity method investments of $3 million and interest income of $11 million.

4) How did interest income and interest expense change during the first quarter of 2019?
Interest income of $11 million for the first quarter of 2019 was $1 million higher sequentially. Interest expense of $147 million increased $5 million sequentially.

5) What is the difference between pretax operating income and Schlumberger’s consolidated income before taxes?
The difference principally consists of corporate items, charges and credits, and interest income and interest expense not allocated to the segments as well as stock-based compensation expense, amortization expense associated with certain intangible assets, certain centrally managed initiatives, and other nonoperating items.

6) What was the effective tax rate (ETR) for the first quarter of 2019? 
The ETR for the first quarter of 2019, calculated in accordance with GAAP, was 15.5% as compared to 15.4% for the fourth quarter of 2018. Excluding charges and credits, the ETR for the fourth quarter of 2018 was 16.0%. There were no charges and credits in the first quarter of 2019.

7) How many shares of common stock were outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and how did this change from the end of the previous quarter?
There were 1.385 billion shares of common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2019. The following table shows the change in the number of shares outstanding from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019.

(Stated in millions)

Shares outstanding at December 31, 2018

1,383

Shares issued to optionees, less shares exchanged

Vesting of restricted stock

1

Shares issued under employee stock purchase plan

3

Stock repurchase program

(2)

Shares outstanding at March 31, 2019

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