The International Organisation for Migration (IOM), a UN agency is currently extending its Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) operations in Northern Nigeria in a bid to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
This is happening as the killer virus continues to disrupt the health, public life and livelihoods in Africa’s most populous country.
A new IOM project will help prevent and control COVID-19 infections in three areas in Borno State with high concentrations of displaced persons; areas also deemed high-risk for disease spread.
In Borno, the largest state in the North-East region, about 80 per cent of the estimated 840,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) live in makeshift and temporary shelters in overcrowded conditions where physical distancing is difficult, if not impossible.
Moreover, despite the pandemic, attacks by non-state armed groups in the north-east are ongoing, including in areas close to humanitarian operations. On July 2, an attack in Damasak claimed the lives of two civilians, including a five-year-old child, and damaged a humanitarian helicopter.
Earlier last week, July 14 to be precise, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) had recorded 591 confirmed cases and 35 associated deaths in Borno, where a decade-long humanitarian crisis has left 1.8 million people displaced and 10.6 million in need of assistance.
The impact of an outbreak among the displaced populations in this area could be devastating.
IOM Nigeria WASH Programme Manager, Teshager Tefera, says “without the availability of sanitation facilities and hygiene materials, IDPs are extremely vulnerable to disease transmission. Our teams continue working alongside displaced communities to bring clean water to camps and nearby settlements, but more needs to be done.”
Services will reach an estimated 420,000 IDPs in 120 camps and nearby communities in Maiduguri, Konduga, and Damasak municipalities in Borno.
The project will supply clean and safe water, as well as 22,000 hygiene kits with soap, buckets, and other items, to populations at risk.
On average, IOM supplies two million litres of water per day to 113,500 people in Borno where torrential rains and flooding have caused substantial damage to latrines, showers, handwashing stations and solar panels.
The funding will allow IOM to train and mobilise displaced communities to repair and maintain these facilities and construct an additional 1,040 handwashing points using foot-operated water taps and soap dispensers to avoid contact with surfaces.
To complement these activities, IOM field workers are training local camp residents on risk communication and community engagement, reaching close to 20,000 people through door-to-door awareness-raising.
Lariya Magaji, an 89-year old woman living with her granddaughter in Stadium Camp in Maiduguri, the state capital, says “even though I am blind, I always pay attention to the hygiene promoters who tell us how to properly wash our hands to avoid the virus. I spend most of my time at home, so I always look forward to their visits.”
To avoid mass gatherings, the information will be shared also via loudspeakers mounted on tricycles to reach high numbers of IDPs in camps without exposing them to risks.
Recently, IOM Nigeria launched its COVID-19 Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan with a request of $19.3 million to mitigate the pandemic’s socio-economic impacts and ensure the continuity of life-saving assistance in emergency settings.
IOM Nigeria Chief of Mission, Franz Celestin, says “this is our largest WASH donation since the programme began in Nigeria in 2018, and it arrives at a time when these services are most needed. The support from OFDA will help ensure the sustainability of our life-saving activities in Borno.”
The $6.22 million project Strengthening COVID-19 Preparedness and Response in North-East Nigeria through targeted WASH activities, is funded by the Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) and will be implemented over a twelve-month period.