Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), QU Dongyu, has charged the world not to forget that during the COVID-19 crisis, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is a ‘slow motion’ pandemic, with significant long-term threats to global public health and food security, which needs multi-stakeholders engagement.
He was speaking while calling on all stakeholders, including international organisations, private sectors and civil society to double their efforts and strengthen partnerships towards achieving “One World, One Health and One Planet we are living on”.
Qu also highlighted the critical role of the Global Leaders Group in advancing response to antimicrobial resistance by building political momentum and public support.
Adding, he said to accelerate progress in the fight against antimicrobial resistance FAO was going to launch a new Action Plan on AMR for 2021-2025, aimed at providing further support to governments, producers, traders and other stakeholders for the adoption of measures to minimize the use of antimicrobials and to contain the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
Misuse and overuse of antimicrobials in humans, animals and agriculture are the main drivers of on AMR. Resistant micro-organisms can spread between humans, animals or the environment, and the antimicrobials used to treat various infectious diseases in animals and humans can be the same.
Already, heads of FAO, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and World Health Organisation (WHO) on Friday launched a new One Health Global Leaders Group on AMR.
Group members include heads of government, government ministers, leaders from the private sector and civil society. The group is co-chaired by Mia Mottley, Prime Minister of Barbados, and Sheikh Hasina Wazed, Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
The new group will harness the leadership and influence of these world-renowned figures to catalyze global attention and action to preserve antimicrobial medicines and avert the disastrous consequences of antimicrobial resistance.
The Tripartite organisations launched the group during World Antimicrobial Awareness Week 2020 (November 18-24), as part of their shared call for united action to preserve and protect antimicrobial medicines.
The group was created in response to a recommendation from the Interagency Coordination Group on Antimicrobial Resistance and supported by Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Directors-General of FAO, OIE and WHO described the rapid rise of drug resistance as one of the world’s most urgent threats to human, animal and environmental health – endangering food security, international trade, economic development and undermining progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Antimicrobial resistance is making many infections harder to treat worldwide. WHO’s latest reporting shows that the world is running out of effective treatments for several common infections.
Director-General of WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, says “antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest health challenges of this generation, and we absolutely cannot leave it for the next generation to solve.
“Now is the time to forge new, cross-sector partnerships that will protect the medicines we have and revitalise the pipeline for new ones.”
The One Health Global Leaders Group will provide political leadership and elevate the need to prioritize best practices to address antimicrobial resistance at global, regional, and national levels.
And, it will advise and advocate for the development and implementation of polices and legislation to govern the importation, manufacture, distribution and use of quality antimicrobial drugs across all sectors.
For the Director-General of OIE, Monique Eloit, “antimicrobial resistance is a current problem affecting animal health, human health, and the environment, we need to act today to protect their efficacy.
“I am confident that this group will advocate powerfully to implement legislation, and mobilise key stakeholders to change antimicrobial use practices to protect our collective health and welfare.”
The Interagency Coordination Group (IACG) on Antimicrobial Resistance was convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations after the UN High-Level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance in 2016.
IACG however, brought together partners across the UN, international organizations and individuals with expertise across human, animal and plant health, as well as the food, animal feed, trade, development and environment sectors, to formulate a blueprint for the fight against antimicrobial resistance.
The Secretariat for the IACG was provided by WHO with contributions from FAO and OIE. It completed its mandate on April 29, 2019 upon the handover of its report to the Secretary-General.