2020: With Improvement In Global Metal Market, Prices Helping To Revive Aluminium Sector


Signs of improvement in the global metal market are beginning to drive prices higher. But market watchers say this does not portend a sharp recovery for the metal sector, only a gradual one.

Though the global demand for aluminium has remained soft, global inventory levels are not down significantly yet. But global aluminium prices have been inching up, which could help revive the sector this 2020.

It was however, expected that supply disruption in iron ore mining could keep the sector buoyant towards the start of this year, while a demand pickup was expected to see the momentum going for iron ore in the second half of this 2020.

It appears, the worst may be over for metal stocks. This sector did not put up much of a show in the first half of 2019, but could well be turning a corner this 2020.

Thankfully, for the metal industry, global market conditions are improving. China’s metal consumption is expected to bounce back after the US and China seem to be moving towards a truce on trade. As a result, global metal prices have begun to inch up.

Besides, China’s stimulus is expected to drive global steel demand higher, which will have a beneficial effect on domestic steel producers. “In early CY20, Chinese steel demand should reflect the success of the government’s massive economic stimulation efforts. Steel demand could rise again in 2020 to the extent of about 5% assuming that the government is strongly promoting gains in fixed-asset investment”, said ICICI Securities in a note to clients.

While that is a good sign, the hitch is domestic demand. In steel, for instance, the two big consumers, auto and infrastructure, have not seen much growth momentum yet. A pick up in gross domestic product (GDP) growth is clearly needed to revive the sector. This could happen in the latter part of 2020, once economic conditions improve.

Domestic steel producers have countered the lacklustre demand with exports in the last quarter of 2019. That is expected to sustain at least in the first half of 2020. In the second half, automobiles and infrastructure are expected to add a gloss to steel demand.

Meanwhile, as most metal stocks were beaten down in 2019, some of the recent uptick in metal stocks is understandable.

Besides, metal companies have a significantly stronger balance sheet this time around, as most companies have slowed expansion and capped debt levels. Hence, even a small improvement in demand conditions could see the benefits of operating leverage kick in.

Meanwhile, the Nifty Metal index, which lost 30% until August 2019, recovered and is now down 13% this year.

The broad-based Nifty 500, however, is up 7% in the same period. Nevertheless, it shows investors are willing to wager that the revival may sustain.



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