The lives of some 40 million food-insecure Congolese is currently teetering between life and death. Their survival depends on how soon the world will rise with $172 million urgently needed to save them from the fangs of death.
Already, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has warned that millions of lives in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) could be lost unless the international community steps up with more help.
According to the most recent nationwide data, 40 million of DRC’s estimated 100 million people are food insecure, with 15.6 million suffering “crisis” or “emergency” hunger.
With some 80 million hectares of arable land – the second largest such area in the world after Brazil – and half of Africa’s water resources, DRC has the potential to produce more than enough food for its people.
But, escalating conflict and the coronavirus in the troubled country are aggravating one of the world’s biggest but most under-funded hunger crises.
WFP’s Representative in DRC, Claude Jibidar, says “so many Congolese are on the edge, and in even greater danger now of being tipped over the edge. The world just can’t let that happen, worried though it understandably is about the huge toll COVID-19 is taking on lives and livelihoods elsewhere”.
WFP is however, concerned with saving lives in emergencies and changing lives for millions through sustainable development. It works in more than 80 countries around the world, feeding people caught in conflict and disasters, and laying the foundations for a better future.
WFP, one of the key UN agencies, says it needs another $172 million to be able to fully implement its emergency operation in the country over the next six months.
It is planning to support 8.6 million people this year – including almost a million of those hit hardest by the pandemic – up from a record 6.9 million reached in 2019.
But without the necessary funding, food rations and cash assistance will have to be cut, then the number of people being helped. Interventions to treat and prevent acute malnutrition – which afflicts 3.4 million Congolese children – are at immediate risk.
Malnutrition is particularly pervasive in conflict-ravaged, mineral-rich eastern DRC, where decades of brutal and opportunistic ethnic fighting has forced millions of civilians from their homes – many of them numerous times.
In the first half of this 2020, violence in the country, some of it allegedly amounting to war crimes, uprooted over a million people.
Most of the more than five million Congolese displaced inside the country – Africa’s largest such population – live in makeshift camps and urban areas with poor sanitation and healthcare, making them especially susceptible to COVID-19. WFP provides many with food or cash.
Killer diseases, such as malaria and cholera, compound the hunger challenge.
By the time the country’s tenth and biggest Ebola epidemic ended in June, having claimed almost 2,300 lives in the east over two years – WFP food assistance and aviation support were central to the response – the eleventh had erupted in the northwest, and continues to spread.
The central Kasai region is the epicentre of a largescale outbreak of measles, which significantly increases the risk of fatalities among malnourished children.
This year’s harvest is again expected to be below-average in much of DRC because of drought, flooding and pest infestations, as well as farmers’ limited access to their fields owing to insecurity and COVID-19 movement restrictions.